제목: Compassion Promotion Training in Individuals with High Trait Aggression: an fMRI Study

발표자: 황윤지

날짜: 2024년 01월 26일 (금) 오전10시  

초록: Compassion is closely associated with prosocial behavior. Although there is growing interest in developing strate- gies that cultivate compassion, most available strategies rely on effortful reflective processes. Furthermore, few studies have investigated neurocognitive mechanisms underlying compassion-dependent improvement of proso- cial responses. We devised a novel implicit compassion promotion task that operates based on association learning and examined its prosocial effects in two independent experiments. In Experiment 1, healthy adults were assigned to either the compassion or control group. For the intervention task, the compassion group completed word frag- ments that were consistently related to compassionate responses toward others; in contrast, the control group completed word fragments related to emotionally neutral responses toward others. Following the intervention task, we measured attentional biases to fearful, sad, and happy faces. Prosocial responses were assessed using two measures of helping: the pen-drop test and the helping intentions rating test. In Experiment 2, independent groups of healthy adults completed the same intervention tasks used in Experiment 1. Inside a functional MRI scanner, participants rated empathic care and distress based on either distressful or neutral video clips. Outside the scanner, we assessed the degree of helping intentions toward the victims depicted in the distressful clips. The results of Experiment 1 showed that the compassion promotion task reduced attentional vigilance to fearful faces, which in turn mediated a compassion promotion task-dependent increase in helping intentions. In Experiment 2, relative to the control group, the compassion group showed reduced empathic distress and increased activity in the medial orbitofrontal cortex in response to others’ suffering. Furthermore, increased functional connectivity of the medial orbitofrontal and inferior parietal cortex, predicted by reduced empathic distress, explained the increase in helping intentions. These results suggest the potential of implicit compassion promotion intervention to modulate compassion-related and prosocial responses as well as highlight the brain activation and connectiv- ity related to these responses, contributing to our understanding of the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying compassion-dependent prosocial improvement.
이러한 결과는 연민 관련 및 친사회적 반응을 조절하고 이러한 반응과 관련된 뇌 활성화 및 연결성을 강조하는 암묵적 연민 촉진 개입의 잠재력을 시사하며, 연민 의존적 친사회적 개선의 기초가 되는 신경인지 메커니즘에 대한 이해에 기여합니다.
조회 수 :
976
등록일 :
2024.01.26
10:07:32 (*.152.23.49)
엮인글 :
http://acnl.korea.ac.kr/xe/JournalClub/346421/aae/trackback
게시글 주소 :
http://acnl.korea.ac.kr/xe/346421
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