제목: Increased attentional orienting to sad faces by a novel emotional probabilistic reward task has indirect effect on helping intentions through empathic concern
발표자: 이승보 석사과정 연구원
일시: 9월 28일 (수) 오후 4시
초록: Recognition of sadness from facial expressions is associated with empathic responses. In this study, we devised an emotional probabilistic reward task (PRT) to facilitate sadness recognition and tested its effects on attentional and empathic responses to others in distress. During the emotional PRT, healthy participants were asked to discriminate between facial expressions weakly expressing sadness or anger. Reward feedback for correct sadness and anger recognition was provided but with different probabilities across the training (70% vs. 30%) and control group (50% vs. 50%). Subsequently, participants performed a visual dot-probe task with facial expressions of sadness, anger, fear, and happiness and an empathy rating task while viewing short video clips depicting people experiencing distressful or neutral events. The results showed that the training group developed greater recognition preference for sadness than the control group. Within the training group, a greater sad recognition preference was positively associated with subsequent attentional orienting to sad faces. In the training group, we found a significant indirect effect of increased orienting to sad faces on helping intentions through increased empathic concern. These findings suggest promising potential of the emotional PRT in modifying cognitive and emotional processes associated with empathy for others.